” We have been developing this technology for several years and are delighted to see the first trucks successfully passing the tests. The combination of battery electric and fuel cell electric will allow our customers to completely eliminate CO emissions2 exhaust from their trucks, regardless of the type of transport says Roger Alm, President of Volvo Trucks.
The fuel cell electric trucks will have an operating range comparable to that of many diesel trucks – up to 1,000 km – and a refueling time of less than 15 minutes. The total rolling weight can be around 65 tons or more, and the two fuel cells have the capacity to produce 300 kW of electricity on board.
Pilot testing with customers will begin in a few years and commercialization is expected in the second half of the decade.
” Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric trucks will be particularly suitable for long distances and high tonnages, which require a lot of energy. They could also be an option in countries with limited possibilities for recharging batteries adds Roger Alm.
On-board electricity production
A fuel cell generates its own electricity from on-board hydrogen, instead of being charged by an external source. The only by-product released is water vapour.
Fuel cells supplied by cellcentric
The fuel cells will be supplied by cellcentric, a joint venture between Volvo Group and Daimler Truck AG. Cellcentric will build one of the largest European mass production sites for fuel cells, specially developed for heavy goods vehicles.
Increase in green hydrogen needs
Fuel cell technology is still in its infancy and has many advantages, but also some challenges. One of them is the supply of green hydrogen on a large scale*. In addition, heavy vehicle refueling infrastructure still needs to be developed.
” We expect the supply of green hydrogen to increase sharply over the next two years, as many sectors will depend on it to reduce their CO2 emissions.2. However, we cannot wait to decarbonize transport, we are already behind schedule. My message to all transport companies is to get on with it today, with battery electric, biogas and other options available. Fuel cell trucks will then be an important complement for longer distance and higher tonnage transport within a few years. concludes Roger Alm.
* Green hydrogen is made by electrolysis of water using electricity from only renewable energy, such as wind, water and the sun.
Volvo Trucks press release.